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Clever Hans' Horseshoes
Ycoza6KcE

Origin

Clever Hans

Type

4 Horseshoes

Effects

Allows user to read the minds of horses

Downsides

None Identified

Activation

Holding

Collected by

Agent Brady Brown

Section

Lupis-912F

Aisle

9123-4564

Shelf

4356-2245

Date of Collection

Nov.1.2014

[Source]


OriginEdit

Clever Hans (in German, der Kluge Hans) was an Orlov Trotter horse that was claimed to have been able to perform arithmetic and other intellectual tasks. After a formal investigation in 1907, psychologist Oskar Pfungst demonstrated that the horse was not actually performing these mental tasks, but was watching the reaction of his human observers.

Pfungst discovered this artifact in the research methodology, wherein the horse was responding directly to involuntary cues in the body language of the human trainer, who had the faculties to solve each problem. The trainer was entirely unaware that he was providing such cues. In honour of Pfungst's study, the anomalous artifact has since been referred to as the Clever Hans effect and has continued to be important knowledge in the observer-expectancy effect and later studies in animal cognition.

EffectsEdit

When held, the user can read the minds of horses. It appears to be only one way, as horses are unable to enter the thoughts of the holder.

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